Latest Booming Technologies in IT industry

Our age is known as the age of Information Technology.

Big Data

The volume of data that is being developing each day is  increasing. In order to handle that huge volume of data we use Big Data. Big data  large volume of data – both structured and unstructured – that inundates a business on a day-to-day basis.Traditional data processing software is inadequate to deal with Big Data.Traditional data processing means there will be a user, a centralized system & a relational database.This approach works well when there is only small amount of data. Here the data will be stored in an RDBMS like MS SQL Server, Oracle Databases  & sophisticated softwares can be written to interact with the database, process the required data & present it to the user for analysis purpose. For Big Data this approach will not work.In Big Data data can be Structured, semi-structured & unstructured. Video is an example for unstructured data.

The three V’s are the three defining properties or dimensions  of big data-Volume, Velocity, Variety.Volume is the volume of the data that is being generated, Velocity is the speed at which data is being generated & variety is variety of data that is structured, unstructured and so.

Who Generates Big Data?

Today Social media generates a large volume of data.When we send a video through whatsApp or any other messenger there creates a data like this we create large amount of data by using social media.Stock exchanges holds data about sell & buy. The Transport data stores model, capacity, distance & availability of that vehicle.The main advantages of Big Data is the Increase of storage capacities, Increase of processing power, availability of data.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is a branch of computer science  which aims at building machines that can think, feel and take decisions just like humans.The main goals of AI is to create expert systems so that the systems will exhibit intelligent behaviour, learn, demonstrate, explain &  advice its users & to implement human intelligence in human that is to create systems that understand, think, learn & behave like human.

The main approaches of AI is  Computer system that act like humans, Programs that simulate the human mind, Knowledge representation and mechanistic reasoning, Intelligent or rational agent design.

AI has many applications & some of them are Finance, Hospitals and, Medicine, Military, Transportation, Heavy Industry & so on. Yes AI is useful for human beings because it will be error less because its action is predefined in it so the chance of occurring error will be very low.Even though it is a useful invention of human it may also threat human because as I early said their action are predefined they will only work according to those instructions human may get injured.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing means storing and accessing data and programs over the internet instead of local computer hard drive.The cloud is just a metaphor the internet.Companies that provide this computing is called cloud providers.

Advantages Of Cloud Computing Improved security and compliance hardware loss do not result in data loss because of networked backup,  Cloud services are extremely affordable for smaller businesses that is it avoid large capital expenditure on hardware & upgrades, disaster recovery, Automatic software updates, Efficiency.

Google Drive, Apple iCloud, Amazon Cloud Drive, Microsoft oneDrive are some examples of some common cloud.

Data Mining

It is the computing process of discovering patterns in large data sets involving methods at the intersection of machine learning, statistics and database systems.The overall goal of data mining process is to extract information from a dataset and transform it into an understandable structure for further use. It is the process used by companies to turn raw data into useful information.

Data mining consists of five steps first Organizations collect data & load it into their data warehouses then They store & manage data either on in-house servers or in cloud after that Business analyst, management teams & Information technology professionals access the data & determine how they want to organize then the application software sorts the data based on the users result after all this the end user presents the data in an easy to share formate, such that as a graph or table.

Data mining is very helpful to predict future trends

It Signifies customer habits & also help organizations to take decision according to customer's need.By this they can increase company revenue. Applications of data mining include Marketing/Retail, Finance/Banking, Manufacturing, Government, Medical field. At present day's technologies are growing faster.Day by day new technologies are developing.Which has equal pros and cons.

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